There are several types of diseases of the heart. However, no matter what these diseases are – Congestive heart failure (CHF), heart attack, coronary artery disease (CAD) or any others – they still have similarities when it comes to their warning signs and symptoms. The symptoms of heart problems are critical because it will tell you that something is wrong, and there is something that you need to consult with your doctor about.
Symptoms Of Heart Problems
If you correctly recognize the signs and symptoms that may indicate a heart problem, you have given yourself a big deal of time to save your life. Once symptoms occur frequently or become severe, or if any new symptoms transpired, consult with your doctor immediately.
1. Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary artery disease or CAD will give you chest pain, which is its most common symptom. The chest pain that you will feel is often described as squeezing or painful feeling in the chest. Some people who had chest pains also said that they feel discomfort, heaviness, fullness, burning and pressure pain on their chest. Even if it is a common symptom for CAD, many still confused it for indigestion or heartburn and not for something as severe as CAD. The pain may also radiate to different parts of your body such as in your jaw, throat, neck, shoulders, arms and back.
There are also palpitations or the irregular heartbeats that you feel in your chest, as well as shortness of breath. Most often, you will feel fatigue and you will sweat a lot too. Some people also experience nausea for CAD.
2. Heart Attack
A heart attack is one of the most common heart diseases that you need to be concerned about. It will strike at the moment you least expect it. Though some people have silent myocardial infarction (heart attack without any symptoms), there are still cases where symptoms appear. Once symptoms began to appear, seek help immediately and do not delay. Remember, immediate treatment for a heart attack is crucial to reduce the damage to your heart.
Symptoms may start as a mild discomfort which will ultimately progress to significant pain and will last for 30 minutes or longer and is not relieved by oral medications or rest. Heart attack symptoms include:
- Feelings of indigestion, fullness or choking
- Pain in the chest, arm or below your breastbone
- Radiating pain to the jaw, throat, arm or back
- Nausea and vomiting
- Extreme fatigue
- Shortness of breath
- Feelings of anxiety
- Rapid and irregular heartbeats
Atrial Fibrillation is one of the types of arrhythmia. A person with AF may experience the sudden pounding and racing of their heart due to palpitations. They have experienced a lack of energy and chest discomfort brought about by pain and pressure. AF will also likely make the person feel light-headed or dizzy that may result in fainting. Shortness of breath, both in exertion activities and normal activities is likely to occur as well.
Arrhythmia an abnormal rhythm of the heart. When this happens, the person may feel the following signs and symptoms:
- Heart palpitations
- Chest pounding
- Feelings of dizziness or light-headedness
- Shortness of breath
- Discomfort in the chest
- Extreme fatigue or weakness
4. Heart Valve Disease
Heart Valve Disease is something that you should look out for as well. Symptoms of this disease often include shortness of breath or the difficulty of catching your breath even on occasions of normal daily routines or when you are lying down flat in bed. You may also experience chest discomfort when you are out in the cold air or simply doing some activities. Heart palpitations, dizziness and weakness are also visible symptoms that may signal something is wrong.
You need to look out for heart valve disease because it may likely cause heart failure. If this occurs, symptoms include rapid weight gain of two to three pound in a day and swelling of your ankles or feet. Abdominal swelling may also occur, and this will make you feel bloated.
When it comes to a heart valve disease symptoms, do not always guarantee the degree of how severe your condition is. Some people have severe heart valve disease, yet they are not showing any symptoms at all. There are also those who exhibit very severe symptoms, but their diagnostic and laboratory tests only show minor valve problem. Nonetheless, it is important that you check and visit your doctor for prompt and proper treatment.
5. Heart Failure
Symptoms of heart problems in heart failure include:
- Shortness of breath both in activity and in rest, as well as lying down flat in bed
- A cough with white sputum
- Rapid weight gain
- Weakness and fatigue
- Swelling of ankles, feet, legs and abdomen
- Heart palpitations
- Irregular heart beats
- Chest pain
Just like the heart valve disease, symptoms of heart failure are not related to the severity of your heart damage. Some exhibit severe symptoms but have a mild failure, while some can be asymptomatic with severe heart damage already.
6. Heart Muscle Disease
Heart muscle disease also referred to as cardiomyopathy often shows no or mild symptoms only. This allows the people having the condition to live a more normal life than their other heart counterparts. However, the symptoms may progress and worsen if the heart function worsens too. People who already have arrhythmias may lead to sudden death in people with cardiomyopathy.
The signs and symptoms that you need to look out for include the most common chest pain and discomfort which likely happens during physical activity or after meals. However, chest pain may also occur with rest. The lower extremities are swelling and feelings of weakness and fainting also occur. Heart palpitations are present due to the abnormal heart rhythms.
Aside from the signs and symptoms of heart problems, a person having it can also experience heart failure symptoms that we have stated above.